Do anatomical and physiological distinctions between men and women extend to our brains? When talking about human anatomy, men and women are significantly different. It may be true that men’s brains are notably larger than women’s, but both men and women have different skills they are better at than the other. Despite the difference in size, men’s and women’s brains are more comparable than they are dissimilar with regards to functionalities.
The differences in brain structure also affect the personalities and behavior of each individual. Still, these differences may also be due to socialization fashions, artifacts and other preferences involving the decision-making process.
Nevertheless, here are eight vital differences between men’s and women’s brains that may or may not affect one’s capabilities:
1. Men’s brains are larger than women’s.
On average, men’s brains are 10 to 15% larger than women’s. Mainly because men tend to be taller and larger than women, but this doesn’t affect one’s intelligence.
2. Men have a higher proportion of white matter.
Men have a more prominent proportion of tissue committed to the transfer of information between separate regions, so men do better on spatial tasks. Men are more confident in procedural concepts, while on the other hand:
3. Women have a higher proportion of grey matter.
Women have a more elevated dependence on declarative memory in comparison to men. Women excel more on rhetorical responsibilities because of a higher portion of tissue dedicated to calculations than men.
4. The cortex is slightly thicker in women’s brains.
The parietal cortex aids visuospatial capacities. Consequently, thinner cortices in men, if developed, may lead to practical computational processing skills shown by women.
5. The hippocampus is larger in men than in women.
Hippocampus degeneration has a higher predominance in women that shows a correlation with multiple psychiatric disorders. Moreover, the differences between memory skills in men and women imply a distinction in the hippocampal size.
6. Men’s amygdala is larger than women’s.
Men’s amygdala, the structure involved in memory and emotions, is 10% larger than women’s. Behavior and emotional expression differ in males and females. Nevertheless, these differences have no scientific connection to one’s brain structure or size.
7. The third interstitial nucleus of the anterior hypothalamus is twice as large in men than in women.
The hypothalamus has a greater quantity of androgen receptors in men than women. In addition, mating behavior regulated in the preoptic area is about twice as large in men than in women and contains two times more cells. Therefore, men and women react differently to ovarian steroids due to discrepancies in estrogen receptors.
8. Men have more lateralized brains than women.
Lateralization of purpose refers to the idea that each region of the brain is specific for different roles. Men tend to be generally more strategic than women. Still, researchers have argued that men and women use different cognitive approaches—women integrating balance in their choices and men relying solely upon wins to make their decisions.